Playtime promotes safety for small children

Playtime Seychelles promotes and advocates safety and safe environments for small children in Seychelles.

Worldwide, nearly 1 million children die from injuries every year. Tens of millions more require hospital care for non-fatal injuries. More children die of injuries than die of cancer, asthma and infectious diseases combined. Injuries affect children of all ages but small children under five years are at a particular risk. The most common injuries are traffic injuries, burns and falls, poisoning drowning and suffocation. 

Children explore their surroundings with great curiosity unaware of all the risks that exist around them. For this reason we as adults need to keep a step ahead to prevent accidents. Small children will always hurt themselves, it is a part of growing up, but as adults we can prevent and minimize the accidents, especially the dangerous ones with catastrophic aftermaths.

Many of the injuries can be prevented by be aware of them constant supervision and safety equipment for the home, safety car safety seats, pedestrian reflectors, bike helmets and safe toys.

Convention of the Rights of the Child art. 24 state, that children have the right to safe environments.

Playtime Seychelles have a project called “Safe Children Happy Parents”!

We have published 6 different publications about safety for children that we have donated to Seychelles National Library and they are free to download at our website. You can read two of them online here.

We write and publish safety articles in the daily newspaper Nation to spread information about safety for children among the public.

Playtime Seychelles has written and published a storybook “Sa pti baba kirye.” (The curious baby) that we have donated to the National Library Children’s Department. You can read the book online here.

Parents can watch our video clip about safety equipment for the home on our website or on YouTube.

Playtime Seychelles has promoted the use of a small part cylinder in Seychelles. Parents can use the cylinder to check out all small things that could be dangerous for a child under 3 years to put in the mouth and  could cause suffocation. The use of a can cylinder prevent suffocation from small parts like coins, peanuts or detachable parts of toys like eyes, small wheels, filling from stuffed animals etc.

We have donated 100 Small Part Cylinders to Seychelles Hospital Maternity Ward to give to new become mothers and by emailing or call us parents in Seychelles can get a cylinder for free from Playtime Seychelles.

Free downloads

Click on the link safe children happy parents

Click on the link safe to play wit

Welcome to visit Playtime Seychelles website and Safety Corner http://ipa-playtime-seychelles.org/

 

 

 

Balloons – festive but dangerous!

Children love to play with balloons and balloons are very common on birthday and on other festive parties involving children.

But latex balloons are associated with choking and suffocation hazard and can be dangerous for children under 8 years old to play with.

Balloons cause more choking deaths in children than any other non-food related product.

Never give balloons to children younger than 8 years old. A child who is blowing up or chewing on balloon can choke by inhaling the balloon.

Children under the age of 4 are especially exposed to choking injuries because they put things in their mouths. Children unde 4 years have narrow windpipes that easily can get blocked by a defleted balloon or of a piece of a balloon.

The fragments from a popped balloon are a choking hazard if the child chew or suck the rubber into their mouths to make bubbles.

Deflated balloons are also a choking hazard and it is recommended out of safety that adults inflates balloons.

Even a string that is longer than 22 cmand attached to a balloon, can be a strangulation hazard!  There is a risk that the child get the string around her/his neck and get strangled.

Ensure that the string is shorter than 22cm!

If you want to use balloons, use big Mylar balloons instead, children cannot accidentally inhale a big piece of Mylar and when a Mylar balloon burst they don’t generally creates small fragments.

Don’t let children inhale Helium from balloons! The danger occurs when the helium is inhaled into a child’s lungs thereby depriving them of oxygen supply. If the child mostly breathe helium, it can suffocate the child.

           

                     Always supervise children when there are balloons around!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 













 

 
 

  
  

      
     







 
 
 
 
 

  

Bikers should always wear a helmet!

As doctors say, “we can fix arms and legs – we can’t fix head and neck”. 


 
Bicycle helmets reduces the risk that children will get head injuries from accidents related to falls from riding a bike. Wearing a bicycle helmet prevents bicycle related deaths in children by 75%.

 

Less than 20% of reported bicycle injuries involve collisions with cars. Most injuries occur in falls, or as a result of the rider loses control. A bad fall can be the result of a skid, a wheel get catched in a crack or even getting a shoelace caught in the chain.
 
It is usually the foreheadthat hits the ground first. Head injuries are one the most common of bicycle-related accidents and can result in serious injury such as disability, brain damage and in the worst case scenario death.
 
Helmets are the most important protective gear for bikers. Helmets should fit appropriately and the straps should be fastened.
 
A helmet should be worn squarely on top of the head, cover the forehead, the back of the head and the crown.
 
 If it is tipped back, it will not protect the forehead. The helmet fits well if it doesn’t move around on the head or slide down over the eyes when pushed or pulled. The chin strap should be adjusted to fit snugly.
 
A badly fitting helmet can cause serious harm. 
 
The essential part of the helmet for impact protection is a thick layer of firm polystyrene, a plastic foam, which crushes on impact and absorbs the force of the blow. 
 
A helmet that has been through a serious fall or crash shall be retired with gratitude. It has served its purpose and maybe not provide adequate protection in another crash. Impacts crush some of the foam and the helmet is less protective even if the damage of the helmet isn’t visible to the eye. If you are uncertain whether the helmet is still usable, throw it away.
 
Playgrounds and bicycle helmets are not a good combination!
There is a “hidden hazard” of strangulation if a child wears a helmet while playing on playground equipment.
 
There have been cases of young children suffering death or severe brain damage as a result of being hanged by the straps of their bicycle helmets when they have been playing on a playground.
 

 Be sure to teach children to remove their helmets before using playground equipment or climbing trees!

CE the European Seal of Approval and it is only awarded for safe helmets.                 A CE testing typically includes tests for:
  •        shock absorption
  •         penetration
  •         retention systems (chin strap and buckle)

 The marking should be CE EN 1078 (for children over age 7 and adults) or             EN 1080 (helmet for young children with a green buckle); that way you know   that it is a hel­met designed for cycling.
EN 1080 is a derived standard designed to address problems associated with the strangulation of children playing while wearing helmets.
 
En1080 is a helmet for children up to seven years old and it provides the same level of protection as an ordinary bicycle helmet, but the green buckle has an additional feature causing it to release under a defined load. The buckle will          re­lease if the child gets caught in a climbing frame or similar, to help prevent choking accidents.
 
 
 
 

Protect your precious passenger!

Never leave a child unattended in a car.

 

 The child can suffer from a heat stroke!
Never leave a child unattended in a car.
Never leave a child unattended in a car.
Never leave a child unattended in a car.
Never leave a child unattended in a car.
Heads an arms inside the car always!
Don’t let a child hang out his arm from a car window! The child can get deep rashes or cuts by bushes on the roadside. Break a bone, if a tree or anything else hits the child’s hand or arm even get the arm crushed from a meeting or overtaking car.
 
Don’t let a child hang out his head from a car window! 
The child can get severe head injuries that can lead to brain damage, disability or in the worst case scenario death by getting hit by a meeting or overtaking car. Also things standing on or near the roadside are an immediate danger.
 
Children can get hurt by the power windows.
A child can get injured when a window closes on the finger, wrist or hand even get strangled.
If a child hangs out his head from the car window and the child’s knee or hand accidently trigger the power window switch, the child can get strangled when the window closes around the neck of the child. It takes only ten kilo of force to break the trachea of a small child, but many power windows close with a force of thirteen to thirty-six kilos of force.

 

The Safest Way! 
The safest way for a child to ride in the car is to be restrained in age- and size-appropriate car seats, booster seats and seat belts!

 

Safety car seats reduces the risk of serious and fatal injuries 
 

 

 

Falling is a part of childhood.

 

Falling is a part of childhood  when children are learning to walk, climb, run and jump and also when they are exploring their environment. Children will fall a lot of times during their childhood without sustaining more than some bruises and maybe a few cuts.
For younger children, the falls happen more often in the home from furnitures, stairs, balconies,or windows and can result in severe or fatal injuries especially the falls from a significant height or onto a hard surface, like falls from second story or higher windows, balconies and stairs and can lead to head injuries, fractures, sprains and in the worst case scenario to death.

 

To reduce fall accidents there are measures that has been proven to help to prevent against the risk that a fall happens and also reduce the severity of injuries in the event of a fall.

 

 Stair Gates

 

Use a stair gate both at the top and bottom of the stair. Check regularly that the gate is securely fixed. The opening between the treads should not be wider than maximum10 cm. If it is wider, your child risks to get stuck or fall through. It’s also important to ensure, that it isn’t possible to climb onto the banister rail. If you don’t have a stair gate you can build one yourself.

 

 

 

 

Window and balcony restrictors
The balcony must be safe. It should not be possible to climb onto the railing. Nor must the rail not have openings wider than maximum 10 cm. Otherwise there is a risk that  children will get stuck or fall out between the treads. To use a safety chain on balcony doors and windows are a good precaution to prevent fall accidents.

 

 

Adjust the length of the chain so the balcony door can be open without that the child can get out on the balcony.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Avoid Small Parts!

Choking is a common cause of injury and death in young children, primarily because their small airways are easily obstructed especially children under age 4 are particularly at risk.
 
Babies and small children examine things by putting them in their mouth, this is how they learn about their surroundings and their world.Therefore it is a risk that small toys or small parts from toys and other products can get stuck in children’s throats or get sucked into the lungs. The child can get injuries on the airways or get choked.
 
Lack of oxygen to the brain for more than four minutes may result in brain damage or death. Airway obstruction can occur when children choke on an object that is blocking the airway, suffocate on items that block or cover the airways.

 

The best way to prevent this kind of accidents is to keep small objects out of reach of small children.
 
Choose sturdy and well-made toys that can stand up against being bitten, tugged, sucked, jumped on and thrown around without falling apart.
 
Pick age-appropriate toys.
Choose toys suitable for your child’s age, abilities and skill level. Avoid toys with detachable parts. Be sure to follow the age recommendation – particularly the 0 to 3 symbol and the words ‘not suitable for children under 36 months.                                                                                                                                                                                       

 

 Stuffed toys like teddy bears and cuddle dolls may seem harmless but ensure that parts such as eyes, nose, buttons and other small parts are securely fixed to the bear or doll and that the clothes not can be easily removed by pulling, chewing or washing.  For children up to three years, ensure that the doll’s limb or head is not removable because if the parts are too small they can be a choking hazard.
 
Soft toys can contain filling that is dangerous for young children, like plastic beads. If the toy breaks, children under three years old can suffer serious injuries or illness. They can choke on small parts or filling that they have placed in their mouths and inhaled. Ask the shop if you feel uncertain. Stuffed toys should be washable. Check toy cars, trucks and other vehicles to make sure that wheels, tires or other small parts not are lose or removable.
Toys that children have in or near their mouth like rattles or teeth rings shall have round forms which must be large enough, so they not fit completely into your childs mouth and not have long narrow shafts. The shafts can get too far in the mouth and harm your childs throat or block the windpipe. The last warning is especially for children that cannot sit up by themselves yet.
 
 

Even the packaging the toy comes in can be dangerous! Remove packaging, prize tags and other things and discard packaging immediately before giving the toy to the child. Make sure your child do not play with plastic packaging as it could be a risk of suffocation.

Inspect your home for choking hazards.

 

Check under your furniture and between seat cushions for choking hazards, such as coins, marbles, watch batteries, buttons, dices and/or pen or marker caps.
 
Watch up with peanuts.
 
Keep toys and games for older children separate from those for younger children.
Have a designated area for small parts out of reach of small children and teach your older children to store their “dangerous toys” there.
 
Use a Small Part Cylinder
 
With a Small Part Cylinder you can check all small things that could be dangerous for your child to put in her/his mouth. The Small Part Cylinder have the same size as a three year old child’s windpipe.

 

Try all toys and small parts in the cylinder. If they go completely into the cylinder then they are dangerous to your child. Things that does not go into the cylinder can still be dangerous to put in the mouth. Small balls and other round things that can block the air flow.   
 
Playtime Seychelles has donated 100 small part cylinders to Seychelles Hospital Maternity Ward.
 
                                                

Visit Playtime Seychelles website http://ipa-playtime-seychelles.org/

      Visit Playtime Seychelles Charity Site http://www.playtime-seychelles-charity.org/

The kitchen a compelling and dangerous place

Babies and young children are naturally curious and explore their surroundings with great curiosity, unaware of all the risk that exist around them. Parents have always to be a step ahead to discover lurking hazards in the home and take measures to prevent accidents. Many of the most serious accidents with catastrophic aftermaths occur in the kitchen like scales, burns and poisoning.
There is a great deal that can be dangerous to your child in the kitchen.
 
A stove guard is very useful there are stove guards both for electrical and gas stoves on the market. If you don’t have a stove guard, then you can put the pots at the back at the hotplates on the stove and turn the handles backwards so your child can’t reach them and drag the pots down over themselves.
 
 
Drawers and cupboards

Small children love to open drawers and cupboards to find out was is hidden there. As a parent you will discover that your child will endlessly open drawers and cupboards pull out everything tucked away inside and examine and play with it. To secure and put safety locks on drawers and cupboards are important to eliminate accidents so your child can’t get in reach of something that is dangerous for him/her and small fingers can also get trapped in the cupboards doors or drawers.

 
 
 
Knives and sharp utensils keep them stored high up preferable in a drawer locked with a safety lock.
 
                                                          
                                                          Chemical products
Store chemical products in such a way, that your child can’t get hold of them. Take special care with medicines, petroleum products and corrosive products such as detergent and dishwasher powder. They can cause serious poisoning and burn injuries. All kind of cleaning products shall be kept high up in a locked cupboard.  Pesticides for ants and insects should be stored, so that your child can’t come in contact with them. 
 
Call the hospital if you believe your child has swallowed something poisonous! 
 
Plastic Bags.
Store your plastic bags in a drawer high up so your child can’t reach them. Plastic bags are very dangerous for small children to play with. They can be suffocate if they put the plastic bag over their head. You can also as extra precaution make a habit of always tie a knot in the top of the plastic bags which will stop your child from being able to open them.
 
 
 
                                                          Make a “Safe Cupboard”                                                  Set aside one cabinet for your child to explore. Fill it with safe, yet interesting looking containers, small pots, tree spoons (funny to bang with) and other items that is not a dangerous to your child to play with. It could also be a good idea to put in a new item every now and then. This will be heaven for a small curious child and also give the child the opportunity to examine andthrough his/her senses — seeing, touching, hearing, smelling, and tasting. The more they explore, the more they learn.
 
 
 
Buy Products with Child Resistant Caps.
Keep a lid on your bin
Remove toxic plants
Close the dishwasher hatch
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Protect your precious passenger!

Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death and injury among children. But children’s deaths in car crashes can be prevented by restrain children in age- and size-appropriate car seats, booster seats and seat belts reduces the risk of serious and fatal injuries.
To collide in the speed of 30km/h without using a seat belt and a child safety seat is like to have free fall of 3,5m. In 50km/h is a free fall of 10m.
 
 
The car and the cars security system as seat belts, air bag and seats are fit and dimensioned to an adult body. Children are not only smaller to the size they are also more fragile and have other proportions than an adult. Children are there for more exposed in a car crash and need special protections as safety car seats or booster seats.

By restraining children in age and size-appropriate car seats, booster seats and seat belts reduces the risk of serious and fatal injuries.

 
 

Why do children have accidents?

Children explore their surroundings with great curiosity, unaware of all the risk that exist around them. Children are often absorbed in their own immediate interests they can be oblivious to their surroundings. They only have a limited perception of the environment because of their lack of experience and development. They are not aware of the consequences of the many new situations that they encounter daily. For this reason, you as an adult need to keep a step ahead, in order to prevent accidents. The best thing you can do is always to keep an eye on them

 

Children have the right to safe environments.

Injuries are one of the biggest threats against children’s health and life today. Injuries contribute to a big load on the health care system and not least the humanitarian costs for the family and the child.

Every year, nearly 1 million children die from injuries. Tens of millions more require hospital care for non-fatal injuries. Many are left with permanent disabilities or brain damage. More children die of injuries than die of cancer, asthma and infectious diseases combined. Injuries affect children of all ages. Girls and boys under 5 years of age are at particular risk, more boys than girls. The most common injuries are traffic injuries, burns and falls, poisoning and drowning. Traffic injuries are the leading causes of injuries and death among children.  Convention of the Rights of the Child art. 24 state, that children have the right to safe environments. Every day children are hurt when interacting with products in their daily environments and many environments that children are exposed to contain various dangers that could lead to severe or fatal injuries. For children between 0- 5 years old, the most common place where they get injured is in or around their homes.

The good thing is that most of the injuries can be prevented!

Prevention requires carefully supervising of children and keeping them away from dangers, such as cooking fires, water sources, places where they can fall, roads and items that can poison, choke or hurt them.
Car safety seats, pedestrian reflectors, bike helmets, safety equipment for the home and safe toys are some of the things that can help to prevent injuries and death among children.