Falling is a part of childhood when children are learning to walk, climb, run and jump and also when they are exploring their environment. Children will fall a lot of times during their childhood without sustaining more than some bruises and maybe a few cuts.
For younger children, the falls happen more often in the home from furnitures, stairs, balconies,or windows and can result in severe or fatal injuries especially the falls from a significant height or onto a hard surface, like falls from second story or higher windows, balconies and stairs and can lead to head injuries, fractures, sprains and in the worst case scenario to death.
To reduce fall accidents there are measures that has been proven to help to prevent against the risk that a fall happens and also reduce the severity of injuries in the event of a fall.
Use a stair gate both at the top and bottom of the stair. Check regularly that the gate is securely fixed. The opening between the treads should not be wider than maximum10 cm. If it is wider, your child risks to get stuck or fall through. It’s also important to ensure, that it isn’t possible to climb onto the banister rail. If you don’t have a stair gate you can build one yourself.
Window and balcony restrictors
The balcony must be safe. It should not be possible to climb onto the railing. Nor must the rail not have openings wider than maximum 10 cm. Otherwise there is a risk that children will get stuck or fall out between the treads. To use a safety chain on balcony doors and windows are a good precaution to prevent fall accidents.
Adjust the length of the chain so the balcony door can be open without that the child can get out on the balcony.